Test automation 101: Should you automate your Software Tests?

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What is Automation Testing?

Automation test is a software testing process that uses test scripts to simulate software testing in a test environment. It is a set of techniques, technologies, and tools that automate software testing. They help the tester to test software effectively and systematically.

Test Automation method

Automated testing works by recording what you do, running the program under test and checking the results.

The manual testing process may take multiple iterations, with each iteration being an opportunity to find additional defects. But using an automated test harness to exercise the software under test (SUT). Automation testing covers a wide range. It includes in-depth and broad testing. Deep- and broad-testing is a process of testing the application thoroughly. The tester goes through the application, considering all the essential functionalities, from the database to the user interface. The goal of an automation test harness is to exercise the system under test under a controlled, repeatable, and known environment. This can be as simple as automating a simple test script or as complex as automating a complete regression automated testing is not the only kind of software testing.

Automation testing is a quick and effective way to ensure that your products work correctly and do not have bugs.

Automation Testing is a procedure that is considered a key to increasing the quality of a product.

Automation testing helps to:

  • Eliminate human errors
  • Increase test coverage
  • Improve test efficiency
  • Increase product quality
  • Increase the reliability and security of software
  • Ensure the sustainability & maintainability of software

How Automated Testing Can Be Used To Reduce Costs and Risk

Automation testing aims at increasing software quality and reducing the cost of testing. Automation testing is not a replacement for manual testing, but an effective method to reduce manual efforts.

Reducing risk is about reducing the probability that you will make a wrong decision and the consequences of that decision. Reduction of risk has two dimensions:

  • Improving our understanding of the problem means learning how other people have solved it, and knowing what their risks were.
  • Improving our ability to solve problems means improving our technical, organizational, and interpersonal skills.

Reducing cost is about reducing the total cost of doing automation testing. Bugs are fixed only when they occur or are found. So testing has to happen at least as often as the change rate, and that costs money.

Reducing cost has two dimensions:

  • Automation testing is not cheap, but there are ways to make it cheaper. You have two choices: it can reduce overall testing cost, or it can reduce the cost of the tests you run.
  • The cost of automation testing is reduced by specialization: the more people and computers you put into making automation tools, the cheaper it is.

Benefits of test automation (comparison with manual testing)

Test automation is not magic. But it is powerful. Test automation can be kind of costly, Automation testing is more trusted than manual testing. Manual testing is done on individual platforms. Automation testing tests are performed on multiple platforms and platforms on which the application is expected to be used. Manual testing takes time and is error-prone.

Test automation has other benefits, including:

  • Planning process that is more effective because test automation helps organizations understand what is happening to their applications.
  • Better quality because the software that has fewer errors is easier to use.
  • Test automation allows organizations to cut costs. To develop more software with fewer errors.
  • Because of test automation, productivity has increased, making it possible for people to do more work in less time.

Guess Who Tested Faster? Manual Tester vs Automation Testers

When one tester creates a test script, and another starts a test, they will be working toward the same goal. Manual testers use traditional testing techniques, such as testing software manually, that ensures that their programme performs as expected. The objective of the automation tester will be to develop a decent test script that will verify that his programme continues to operate when it is updated.

4 Reasons why Test Automation is better than Manual Testing

Test automation is of immense help in improving the quality of software. Automated testing has higher productivity than manual testing. Manual testing is a time-intensive process. It requires good knowledge of software and testing domains.

Here are the Top 4 Reasons Why You Should Automate Testing.

  1. Saves Time

Manual testing is a long and complex process. It consumes a lot of time, but the results are uncertain. Automation saves time and reduces cost. It also increases productivity.

  1. Increases Accuracy

Automation testing provides accurate results. The automation testing tools are highly accurate and reliable. 

  1. Prevents Errors

Automation testing helps in eliminating errors. The automation testing tools allow testers to perform tests repeatedly and continuously. The automation testing tools ensure the quality of the software.

  1. Improves Accuracy

Automated testing software enables testers to perform tests repeatedly and continuously. The automation testing tools ensure the accuracy of the results.

A brief description of automating tests with popular tools

We use the best QA tools for various testing activities, starting from planning to maintenance and analyzing your requirements to determine the suitable tool for your application. You can save time by automating repetitive tasks with these tools.

Test Automation Tools​​

Selenium

Selenium is a Web testing tool, and it is one of the most popular tools for Web programmers to test their Websites. It allows you to test your website or someone else’s. For example, to test a website, you log onto the site and record what you do. You can then test your recording with a different browser to check that it works. There are four components of Selenium, selenium IDE, selenium remote control, web driver, selenium grid.

Testproject 

Testproject.io provides a web interface for creating software tests, running tests, and analyzing results.Testproject.io allow you to write automated tests, build them locally, run them in the cloud, and share the results with your team.

It allows you to run tests for:

  1. Mobile and desktop apps using iOS and Android
  2. Java, Scala, Groovy, Python, Ruby, R, and many other language
  3. Web applications, REST APIs etc.,

Cypress 

Cypress’s tools are powerful enough to be practical. Writing tests with Cypress is fast enough that Cypress’s tools can be used as a test runner in continuous integration. This is very fast and easier, and more reliable tests are written.

JMeter 

JMeter is a load testing tool. The kind of load testing that JMeter does is called “stress testing”. JMeter tests involve sending lots of requests to a web server at ultra-high rates. You can test your web server using JMeter by sending lots of requests to it. JMeter is extensible. You can define your test cases. It lets you perform functional testing of web applications, web services, APIs, web services frameworks, etc. The supported protocols are HTTP, HTTPS, FTP, LDAP, JMS, SOAP, FTPS, and Gopher.

Cucumber

Cucumber is a Behaviour-Driven Development (BDD) framework. Its strength lies in its ability to scaffold an end-to-end test automation pipeline, from feature description to automated tests, with an ability to debug the tests at a very granular level.

The Cucumber tools work by combining several approaches:

  • Writing plain English descriptions of what the software should do.
  • The Cucumber tools work by combining several approaches:
  • Implementing the executable code 
  • Running the executable code.

Unified Functional Testing

Unified Functional Testing tool is “unified” in that it lets you run tests that need to happen at different phases of your software’s life cycle. Traditional testing is usually limited to testing at one particular stage of a software’s life cycle.

  • UFT is “functional” because it lets you run tests designed to test software functions.
  • UFT tools let you run tests at different stages of software testing.

Appium

Appium is a framework for automated testing of mobile applications. The framework allows developers to automate tasks on real devices, including simulators, emulators, and real devices. Appium also supports testing in hybrid environments: native, web and hybrid.

  • Appium is a UI automation framework. It’s an open-source project, and you can use it to run tests on iOS and Android devices.
  • Appium is cross-platform. You can run it on Windows and Mac, and Linux
  • Appium is cross-browser. You can run it on Safari, Chrome, Firefox, and Edge
  • Appium is multi-device. You can run it on iOS and Android.

Ranorex

Ranorex provides a framework of tools, infrastructure and services to help development teams perform automated functional and cross-browser testing of their web and mobile applications. Ranorex offers automated browser testing services. It is a set of easy-to-use automated browser testing tools that run on all popular operating systems. Tools help to automate manual testing. The Ranorex Studio has basic functions like adding, editing, and deleting items and searching for specific elements.

Katalon Studio 

Katalon Studio is a browser-based testing tool for automated functional testing. It can run different types of tests, and it supports test management, reporting, and visualization. With it, you can automate functional testing on Web, Mobile, and API applications. With its flexibility, usability, and support of various programming languages, Katalon Studio has become a popular test automation solution among software testers.

  • Web-based tests
  • Unit tests
  • Functional tests
  • Browser tests

LambdaTest

LambdaTest is a test automation tool that allows you to create test scripts and execute them against real users. It enables you to test mobile websites and web apps. You can try on actual browsers, operating systems and screen sizes. LambdaTest provides three testing modes: Manual, Simulated, and Automatic. ​It automates manual testing by adding tests at the user level. Test scripts can be executed only from the browser and only with predefined browser settings.

Conclusion

We hope that we’ve provided you with some information that will help you get started with testing automation. Automated testing is a great way to improve your testing process and help you deliver your product faster. We, at QAonCloud, provide various Testing services which are reliable and reasonably priced. Test automation made simple, don’t be afraid to start! 

Get a FREE Consultation with our test automation experts and understand how we can help you scale up your test automation efforts.

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